CBD Terpenes, What Are They?
When it comes to CBD, people tend to have a lot of questions. One of the most frequent questions we are asked is, what are CBD Terpenes and why do they matter?
Terpenes are a naturally produced organic compound formed by an array of plants as well as some insects. They are most commonly known for their ability to produce smells, flavours and aromas, this is in fact what gives cannabis its strong pungent scent. However, the primary reason for plants to develop Terpenes is to deter threats from eating them and attract helpful predators and pollinators. Terpenes aren’t unique to cannabis and are also found in a wide range of fruits and other foods as well as commonly being used in perfumes.
Okay That’s Great, But What Does It Have To Do With CBD?
If you’re already a CBD user then you may have already heard of Terpenes before, but it turns out they could possibly be more beneficial than initially thought. Traditionally when Terpenes in CBD are discussed the main topic of conversation is the flavour profiles they bring to the table. While terpenes are definitely responsible for all of the famous hemp flavoured e-liquids such as Lemon Kush, Sour Diesel, OG Kush, Lemon Haze and so on, they could potentially bring much more to the table than just a lovely aroma.
Introducing: The Entourage Effect.
When CBD along with other Cannabinoids are used in conjunction with Terpenes, we get something called “The Entourage Effect” which can potentially create a much more powerful and even greater CBD experience.
We commonly hear CBD isolate users favouring CBD isolate over Full Spectrum CBD in order to receive a quicker or “more powerful” dose of CBD. This impression is due to CBD isolate e-liquids containing only the cannabinoid CBD and nothing else, which understandably gets frequently translated to be a more “straight forward vape” and therefore a quicker noticeable effect. Whilst the quicker effect may be true, the absence of the entourage effect makes the “more powerful dose” part more complex.
Allow Me To Explain…
Terpenes on their own aren’t known to be as important as CBD itself, who is respectively the star of the show. However, when combined it may be possible for terpenes to be able to alter and change the effects of the CBD cannabinoid itself which could greatly proliferate the potential benefits of CBD. Different terpenes may cause different effects too.
For example, Dr Ethan Russo an American Neurologist and Pharmacology Researcher explained in his paper ‘Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects’ how “Terpenoid components in concentrations above 0.05% are considered of pharmacological interest,” which basically means it’s extremely likely to have medical properties.
Further studies suggest that Terpenes such as myrcene, may have pain relieving effects, linalool reduces inflammation, while limonene and β-caryophyllene both show anti-tumoral action in preclinical studies.
Wait There’s More Than One Terpene, Just How Many Are There?
Yep! There are more than 20,000 known Terpenes, and at least 100 of them are produced by the cannabis plant but let’s go over a few to get you familiar with the commonly known ones and their potential benefits. Its important to note that the below mentioned benefits are just a general consensus at this point in time and more research is needed as the potential effects can vary from person to person.
Myrcene (or β-myrcene) can be commonly found in highly fragrant fruits and plants such as Mangos, Lemongrass and Wild Thyme. Measuring by weight, the leaves of wild thyme can contain up to a staggering 40% of myrcene.
- May help with digestion
- May Reduce Inflammation
- May cause relaxation
Limonene (or d-limonene) is most commonly found in citrus fruits, more specifically the skin of the fruit. Fruits that contain Limonene range from lemons to limes to oranges. You have definitely come across this one before and you might not even know it, found in all kinds of flavouring agents from foods to drinks and also plenty of cleaning products Limonene is used to achieve that fresh lemon smell.
- May help reduce stress
- Has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory properties
Linalool (or β-linalool) is found in over 200 species of plants and flowers. You’ll know it from Lavender, and its likely in your bathroom right now as it is used as scent in up to 80% of soaps, detergents and shampoos.
- May help you sleep
- May relieve pain
- May Reduce Stress
Caryophyllene (or β-caryophyllene) is the prominent spicy flavour you can taste in black pepper but can also be found in basil and oregano.
- May Reduce stress
Eucalyptol is commonly found in yep, you guessed it, Eucalyptus oil. As well as bay leaves, tea tree and sweet basil. Commonly used in mouthwash for its fresh flavour and cough medicine too for its known ability to reduce inflammation.
- May Reduce pain and inflammation
So, Who Are Terpenes for?
If you simply enjoy a more natural, hemp-like taste in your vape then Terpenes are a no-brainer option for you. However, if you suffer from stress, anxiety or pain of some kind these are more who these CBD e liquids are targeted towards. Although the effects can vary from person to person so its hard to give exact advice, but if you suffer from any of the aforementioned symptoms it’s definitely worth a shot as most people report they’re able to achieve a relaxed state from the use of CBD e-liquids.
Okay, Now I Want Some! Which CBD E-Liquids Can I Get With Terpenes?
At the bottom if this article there are a few of our Full Spectrum CBD liquids and pens. Whether you're new to CBD or a seasoned user, these are worth checking out.
You can find our full range of available CBD here.
At this point in time the future of Full Spectrum CBD (with terpenes) looks very promising, further research is of course needed however the recent acceptance of the cannabis plant and its essential oils health benefits in places all over the world has greatly accelerated the data we are able to gather on CBD. What started as a niche group of people has now grown into a large statistic, with an estimated 300,000 people using CBD in the UK alone and reporting relief for chronic pain, anxiety and depression just to name a few it looks like CBD is here to stay.